The Ministry of Inclusion, Social Security and Migrationsuses its own and third party cookies for the correct operation and display of the website by the user, as well as the collection of statistics. If you go on surfing, we will consider you accepting its use. For more information visit our Cookies Policy.
Every year the European Migration Network develops a series of publications offering a source of comparative law that provides a complete vision of the migration situation to authorities, civil society, and other institutions linked to the topic.
Little is known about how international international law instruments, including bilateral readmission agreements - influence the return of irregular migrants, including asylum seekers whose applications were rejected. EMN's starting point to contribute to closing this knowledge gap was to update, verify and expand existing information on bilateral readmission readmission agreements by EU Member States and Norway.
Specifically this report examines the implementation, monitoring and evaluation and effectiveness of bilateral readmission agreements signed by EU Member States. It supplements existing data by examining the bilateral readmission agreements that were signed or entered into force in the period 2014-2020 in the EU Member States and Norway, as well as their scope and characteristics in terms of issue linkage.
The purpose of this report is twofold. First, it examines how Member States regulate the transfer of responsibility of a beneficiary of international protection from a first State to a second State, a transfer of responsibility regulated in Art. 28 of the Geneva Refugee Convention and Art. 2 of the European Agreement on Transfer of Responsibility for Refugees (EATRR) which refers to the transfer of responsibility for the issuance of the travel document for refugees.
And secondly, the report explores the situation in which beneficiaries of international protection, already recognized in a first State, submit applications for international protection in a second State.
This EMN inform aims to map experiences and approaches across the EU Member States in preventing and detecting situations linked to a potential misuse of authorisations to reside for the purpose of study and in tackling situations where such authorisations are considered to be misused for a purpose other than for study.
As the most important points to highlight in the Migration and Asylum Report of the year 2021, we can point out that, through Royal Decree 903/2021, the legal regime of minors under guardianship when they reach legal age of majority has been modified, in order to avoid the situation of supervening irregularity and social exclusion and to favor their integration. The final objective of the reform is to promote inclusion and reduce the vulnerability of these people.
On the other hand, the Migration Budget for 2022 increases by 17%. It strengthens the state reception network and reinforces actions devoted to the development of legal pathways. Furthermore, a big effort will be made in terms of digitalization.
Finally, the National Strategic Plan against human trafficking 2021-2023 (PENTRA) has been approved. This Strategic Plan is the first comprehensive tool in Spain to address all forms of human trafficking.
This inform strives to examine the impact of incentives and motives on a third-country national’s decision to depart voluntarily. Incentives refer to the measures offered by national authorities to encourage a third-country national to return voluntarily to a country. Motives, on the other hand, refer to the personal and contextual reasons on which a third-country national will make their decision to voluntarily depart or not.
This inform provides information related to the implementation of the Temporary Protection Directive (TPD), triggered in response to the refugee crisis caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022. According to UNHCR, as of 4 May 2022, over 5,7 million Ukrainians (mainly women and children) have left Ukraine in search of safety, primarily arriving in neighbouring EU and third countries (including Moldova). This inform relates to the scope of the Temporary Protection Directive, as well as registration of persons fleeing the war in Ukraine. The analysis in this inform is based on contributions provided by 26 Member States.