Publications

Every year the European Migration Network develops a series of publications offering a source of comparative law that provides a complete vision of the migration situation to authorities, civil society, and other institutions linked to the topic.

Bilateral readmission agreements

Bilateral readmission agreements

Little is known about how international international law instruments, including bilateral readmission agreements - influence the return of irregular migrants, including asylum seekers whose applications were rejected. EMN's starting point to contribute to closing this knowledge gap was to update, verify and expand existing information on bilateral readmission readmission agreements by EU Member States and Norway.

Specifically this report examines the implementation, monitoring and evaluation and effectiveness of bilateral readmission agreements signed by EU Member States. It supplements existing data by examining the bilateral readmission agreements that were signed or entered into force in the period 2014-2020 in the EU Member States and Norway, as well as their scope and characteristics in terms of issue linkage.

Report 2022

Secondary movements of beneficiaries of international protection

 Secondary movements of beneficiaries of international protection

The purpose of this report is twofold. First, it examines how Member States regulate the transfer of responsibility of a beneficiary of international protection from a first State to a second State, a transfer of responsibility regulated in Art. 28 of the Geneva Refugee Convention and Art. 2 of the European Agreement on Transfer of Responsibility for Refugees (EATRR) which refers to the transfer of responsibility for the issuance of the travel document for refugees. 

And secondly, the report explores the situation in which beneficiaries of international protection, already recognized in a first State, submit applications for international protection in a second State.

Report 2022

EMN inform on preventing, detecting and tackling situations where uthorisations to reside in the eu for the purpose of study are misused for other purposes

This EMN inform aims to map experiences and approaches across the EU Member States in preventing and detecting situations linked to a potential misuse of authorisations to reside for the purpose of study and in tackling situations where such authorisations are considered to be misused for a purpose other than for study.

Report 2022

EMN Bulletin

EMN Bulletin - April - June 2022

The 39th edition provides information from April to June 2022, including the (latest) relevant published statistics.

Bulletins 2022

Year 2021

National Report

As the most important points to highlight in the Migration and Asylum Report of the year 2021, we can point out that, through Royal Decree 903/2021, the legal regime of minors under guardianship when they reach legal age of majority has been modified, in order to avoid the situation of supervening irregularity and social exclusion and to favor their integration. The final objective of the reform is to promote inclusion and reduce the vulnerability of these people.

On the other hand, the Migration Budget for 2022 increases by 17%. It strengthens the state reception network and reinforces actions devoted to the development of legal pathways. Furthermore, a big effort will be made in terms of digitalization.

Finally, the National Strategic Plan against human trafficking 2021-2023 (PENTRA) has been approved. This Strategic Plan is the first comprehensive tool in Spain to address all forms of human trafficking.

Annual report on migration and asylum 2021

Incentives and motives for voluntary departure

Incentives and motives for voluntary departure

This inform strives to examine the impact of incentives and motives on a third-country national’s decision to depart voluntarily. Incentives refer to the measures offered by national authorities to encourage a third-country national to return voluntarily to a country. Motives, on the other hand, refer to the personal and contextual reasons on which a third-country national will make their decision to voluntarily depart or not.

Report 2022

EMN Bulletin

EMN Bulletin - January-March 2022

The 38th edition provides information from January to March 2022, including the (latest) relevant published statistics.

Bulletins 2022

EMN Bulletin

 EMN Bulletin - May 2022

The 37th edition provides information from October to December 2021, including the (latest) relevant published statistics.

Bulletins 2022

EMN Bulletin

EMN Bulletin December 2021

The 36th edition provides information from July to September 2021, including the (latest) relevant published statistics.

Bulletins 2021

Application of the Temporary Protection Directive (Scope and Registration)

Application of the Temporary Protection Directive

This inform provides information related to the implementation of the Temporary Protection Directive (TPD), triggered in response to the refugee crisis caused by Russia’s invasion of Ukraine on 24 February 2022. According to UNHCR, as of 4 May 2022, over 5,7 million Ukrainians (mainly women and children) have left Ukraine in search of safety, primarily arriving in neighbouring EU and third countries (including Moldova). This inform relates to the scope of the Temporary Protection Directive, as well as registration of persons fleeing the war in Ukraine. The analysis in this inform is based on contributions provided by 26 Member States.

Report 2022